The large white bird house on the pole is for Purple Martins. The Purple Martin (Progne subis) is the largest North American swallow. These aerial acrobats have speed and agility in flight, and when approaching their housing, will dive from the sky at great speeds with their wings tucked. The Purple Martin migrates to the Amazon basin in winter.
Notice the brush pile adjacent to the trail. This pile provides excellent habitat for numerous animals like reptiles and small mammals (field mice, voles, rabbits).
Loose piles of leaves also provide camouflage and winter shelter for mammals. Eastern cottontail rabbits are known to hide along this part of the trail. Their speckled gray and brown fur blends in perfectly with the grasses and dried tree leaves. The Eastern cottontail rabbit will hold very still, hoping that you don’t spy it. This mammal as well as field mice and voles are favorite foods of the site’s predators---hawks and owls.
Proceed to trail marker #5 located near a dense stand of sunflowers where the street drainage culvert is located.